1.3 Research Objectives and Research Questions
1.3.1 Research Objectives (RO)
RO 1 – To examine level of body dissatisfaction among exercisers.
RO 2 – To investigate degree of dissatisfaction with specify areas of their body among exercisers.
RO 3 – To investigate the discrepancy between current and ideal body shape preferred for both genders.
RO 4 – To examine the association between body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among exercisers.
1.3.2 Research Questions (RQ)
RQ 1 – What is the level of body dissatisfaction scores among the exercisers?
RQ 2 – What is the level of dissatisfaction with certain areas of their body among exerciser?
RQ 3 – What are the differences between current and ideal body shape that are preferred for both genders?
RQ 4 – Is there any relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among exercisers?
1.4 Conceptual and Operational Definition
Precisely, level of satisfaction was examined and correlated with the tendency of eating disorder among target participants. The definition of body dissatisfaction is the feeling of disappointment or frustration towards one’s body image (Stice & Shaw, 2002). In the present study was only focused among young adult exercisers as they are more active to participate in various types of exercisers. Next, eating disorder is defined as an illness that causes serious disturbances on eating behavior (DSM-IV-TR, American Psychiatric Association, 2000). In addition, the present study only will investigate tendency of having eating disorder among the exercisers, regardless of gender differences.
Operationally, body dissatisfaction would be measure through the responses that respondent gave in Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ). The Body Shape Questionnaire is “a self-report measure of concerns about body shape, in particular the phenomenal experience of ‘feeling fat’” (Cooper et. al., 1987). Body Area Satisfaction Subscale (BASS) consists of 9 specify body area was used to determine the levels of body satisfaction with specify body areas (Falconer & Neville, 2000). Moreover, the Figure Rating Scale (Stunkard et. al., 1983) consists of nine female figures; vary from very thin to very obese. Furthermore, Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) would used in examine eating disorder among the respondent, it is a self-applied test that measure one’s attitudes, feelings and preoccupations that associates to food, weight and exercise (Garner et. al., 1982). Lastly, participants would recruit through purposive sampling in selected location. A total of 100 participants would be recruited and was restricted to only those who have been exercise more than two hours per week, regardless of gender and race differences
(to be continued)