1.7 Body Dissatisfaction with Specify Areas
According to US-based survey in the ‘Psychology Today’ magazine, 56 percent of women were dissatisfied with their overall appearance, 71 percent were dissatisfied with their abdomen, 66 percent with their body weight, 60 percent with their hips and 58 percent with their muscle tone (Garner, 1997). The majority of women showed dissatisfaction, particularly with their stomach, hips and tights, and bottom. They showed more dissatisfaction with their bodies than men. In addition, a study done by Stiman et. al., (2009) indicated the female participants had been given opinions that it was desirable to have smaller stomachs, thighs and legs, and a bigger breast size.
However, men felt dissatisfied towards their bodies as well. The survey reported that 63 percent of men showed dissatisfaction towards their abdomen area, 52 percent with their weight, 45 percent of them with their muscle tone, 43 percent with their overall appearance and 38 percent with their chest (Garner, 1997). According to a study done by Leit et. al., (2001), the ideal male body has become increasingly muscular over the years. Furthermore, another study done by Furnham and Greaves in year 1994 (as cited in Grogan, 2008), a total of 47 British men aged between 18 to 35 participated to rate the level of satisfaction they felt for a series of body parts; results indicated that men were least satisfied with biceps, width of shoulders and chest (Grogan, 2008). Additionally, Ogden (2010) reported that men preferred to enhance their arms, chest and shoulders and to reduce fat from their stomach and overall body. In general, men do feel dissatisfied with their bodies, mainly with their arms, chest, shoulders and stomach.